What is the principle of home solar power generation system?
The principle of the home solar power generation system is to use solar light to illuminate on the solar panel, and transform light energy into electrical energy through optoelectronic effects. This system mainly includes a part of solar panels, inverters, charging equipment, batteries and other components.
1. Solar panels
Solar panels are the core part of the home solar power system. It is responsible for turning solar light into electrical energy. When the solar light is shot on the solar panel, the semiconductor material in the battery plate absorbs the light energy and generates electron and holes. These electronics and cavities are collected and forming a current, and the cable is transported to the inverter through the cable.
The inverter is a device that converts DC electricity into AC power. In the solar power generation system, the inverter converts the DC electricity generated by the solar panel into AC power to match the home power system. The inverter also has a protective function. When the battery is insufficient or the system fails, the power can be automatically cut off to ensure the safety of household power.
3. Charging equipment
Charging equipment is an important part of the home solar power generation system, which is responsible for storing electrical energy into the battery. When the solar light is sufficient, the power generated by the solar panel is stored into the battery through the charging equipment. When the demand for home power exceeds solar power, the electric energy in the battery can supplement the insufficient part.
The battery is an energy storage equipment in the household solar power generation system. It is responsible for storing electrical energy and providing electricity when needed. The battery usually uses a lead -acid battery or a lithium -ion battery, which has high energy density and long service life.
In short, the principle of the home solar power generation system is to use solar light to illuminate the electric energy on the solar panel, and convert DC electricity to AC power and store it into the battery through the inverter and charging equipment. When the demand for household power exceeds solar power, the electric energy in the battery can supplement the insufficient part, thereby realizing the self -sufficiency of home power consumption.