What is the role of solar photovoltaic controller?

Author: OMMO Balcony Solar Systems Manufacturer Copyfrom: https://www.ommo.com/ Mar. 28, 2024

What is the role of solar photovoltaic controller?

The solar photovoltaic controller is a key component of the solar photovoltaic power generation system, and its importance is self-evident. Its core function is to ensure that the solar photovoltaic power generation system can operate safely, stably and efficiently, and extend the service life of the system components.

A picture of a solar controller manufactured by ommo Technologies

Solar photovoltaic controller mainly has the following five aspects of the role:

(1) Adjust the charging process of the solar cell array to the battery

It can detect the charging state of the battery in real time, and adjust the charging current and voltage according to the actual situation to prevent the battery from overcharging. Overcharge will not only shorten the service life of the battery, but also may cause safety accidents. Therefore, this function of the photovoltaic controller is crucial to ensure the safe and stable operation of the system.

(2) Adjust the power supply process of the battery to the load

It can intelligently distribute power according to the real-time demand of the load, ensuring that the load gets a stable and reliable power supply. At the same time, it can also prevent the overdischarge of the battery, thereby extending the service life of the battery.

(3) With a series of protection functions

For example, it can prevent the polarity of solar panels or battery arrays and batteries from being reversed, thereby avoiding equipment damage and safety accidents. At the same time, it can prevent short circuits inside loads, controllers, inverters and other equipment, as well as prevent unexpected situations such as breakdown caused by lightning strikes. These protection features greatly enhance the security and stability of the system.

(4) With intelligent display and monitoring functions

It can display the operating status of the photovoltaic power generation system in real time, including key information such as battery voltage, charging current, and load status. This allows users to intuitively understand the operation of the system, and find and solve problems in time.

(5) Serial communication data transmission function

This allows multiple photovoltaic system sub-stations to be centrally managed and remotely controlled, greatly improving the management efficiency and convenience of the system.

In summary, the solar photovoltaic controller plays a pivotal role in the solar photovoltaic power generation system. It ensures the safe, stable and efficient operation of the system by regulating the charging and power supply process, providing multiple protection, and enabling intelligent display and monitoring.